CLIMATE CHANGE, DISASTER RISK REDUCTION & EMERGENCIES
THEMATIC PROGRAM OVERVIEW
Background: CARE Mozambique’s focus provinces, like the country as a whole, are disaster-prone. Droughts and floods are both regular occurrences in Mozambique, and coastal areas are highly susceptible to tropical storms. The frequency and severity of extreme weather events are expected to increase globally under climate change, and Mozambique is no exception.
History: Since CARE started its work in Mozambique in 1984, we have played an important role in supporting emergency preparedness and response. During the initial years, CARE provided emergency assistance to people affected by the protracted war. During this period CARE worked closely with the precursor to INGC (National Institute of Disaster Management), the Department for Preventing and Combating Natural Disasters (DPPCN). Coordinating logistically with DPPCN, CARE provided relief food through emergency logistics nation-wide with an average of 11,000 MTs being distributed on a monthly basis during the critical latter years of the war when a great percentage of the population were displaced. Since the end of the war in 1992, CARE Mozambique responded to the devastating floods in 2000. More recently, in 2007 CARE responded to Cyclone Flavio, and in 2008 to two emergencies, Flooding in Govuro, Inhambane (2008) and Cyclone Jokwe in Angoche, Nampula (2008) and to the floods / rains in the Nampula province (2015).
Current Programs: CARE is part of COSACA, a consortium comprising of Concern, Save the Children, Oxfam and CARE, aiming at responding to disasters in Mozambique within 48 hours following a disaster. COSACA has established a technical and a geographical repartition and coordination of roles between its members (with CARE focusing on Inhambane, Nampula and Cabo Delgado Provinces). As part of COSACA, CARE provides technical support related to shelter, WASH, as well as gender. Funding for COSACA has been through DFID.
At the same time, CARE continues to integrate disaster-risk reduction (DRR) interventions in its programs in both the northern and southern regions of the country, as well as plans to integrate disaster-risk reduction interventions into future agricultural program designs as part of a broader strategy to enhance resilience to climate change and other shocks by building adaptive capacity at both community and local government levels. Since Mozambique is vulnerable to multiple types of climate-related risks (drought, flooding, tropical storms), the incorporation of DRR strategies into rural livelihoods work will take different forms in different locations. CVCA has been conducted in the coastal areas of Nampula to identify woman, men , girls and boys vulnerabilities to climate change.
In coastal areas vulnerable to tropical storms, mangrove planting and restoration is one example of a DRR strategy with multiple benefits for both farming and fishing households. In drought-prone areas, many aspects of CARE Mozambique’s current work in conservation agriculture in cassava systems and cowpea beans can enhance the climate-resilience of local farming systems. VSL groups can also support resilience through livelihood diversification by supporting farmers to take loans for nonfarm and non natural resource based income generating activities.